Why are Coordinated Portfolio Investment (CPIS) data collected from the asset side, and what does “derived liabilities” mean?

More reliable detailed cross border positions data can usually be collected on an economy’s holdings of portfolio investment because the holder (creditor) will usually know what securities it holds. On the liabilities side, the issuer of a security (debtor) may not know the residency of the holder because the securities may be held by foreign custodians or other intermediaries. Using the assets data reported by CPIS participating economies, the IMF derives liabilities data for all economies (CPIS reporters as well as nonreporters); these data are termed “derived liabilities”. A subset of economies also report liabilities data (an encouraged item in the CPIS).

The CPIS dataset can be found here.

Metadata

  1. RMB inclusion in the SDR Basket
  2. Why Fund Accounts, International Liquidity, and Central Bank data recently changed?
  3. What is the meaning of negative data in the Coordinated Direct Investment Survey (CDIS)?
  4. Are Coordinated Direct Investment Survey (CDIS) data stock or flow?
  5. What does the symbol "C" mean in the Coordinated Direct Investment Survey (CDIS) database?
  6. Why are Coordinated Portfolio Investment (CPIS) data collected from the asset side, and what does “derived liabilities” mean?
  7. Which countries comprise “Export Earnings: Fuel” and “Export Earnings: Non-Fuel” in the Direction of Trade Statistics (DOTS)?
  8. Are foreign direct investment positions included in the Coordinated Portfolio Investment Survey (CPIS) database?
  9. Are loans included in the Coordinated Portfolio Investment Survey (CPIS) database?
  10. Are reserve assets included in the Coordinated Portfolio Investment Survey (CPIS) database and how?
  11. How often is the base year of all indices in the International Financial Statistics (IFS) updated?
  12. What does central government consolidation and general government consolidation in Government Finance Statistics (GFS) mean?
  13. Is there a list of the Currency Composition of Official Foreign Exchange Reserves (COFER) data reporters?
  14. Are exports in the Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Statistics (BOP/IIP) database recorded on an FOB or CIF basis?
  15. Why are there no metadata for a reporting country?
  16. What is the source of the reported FAS data?
  17. Where can I find metadata information regarding a FAS reporting country?
  18. Where can I find a glossary for the Government Finance Statistics (GFS) database?
  19. In DOTS, are bilateral trade data seasonally adjusted?

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